SAMR is an acronym that stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition. This model was developed by Dr. Ruben Puentendura to provide a common language to understand how to integrate technology into teaching.
Substitution is when you replace the type of technology used to perform the task but not change the task itself. An example of this would be instead of using a textbook, you use an electronic version of the book as well as having the students answer the questions on Microsoft Word, instead of on a worksheet. There are several different programs that would be an easy substitution to any of the usual material and assignments we provide.
Augmentation is very similar to substitution, but brings more functionality and enhancement to the students as they perform the same task. A student could augment their presentation by using a video or a sound clip in their presentation. There are several ways a student can augment their learning with technology, using videos, podcasts, etc. are just some of the ways.
Modification is when technology is used to redesign the task. Instead of enhancing or substituting technology, you are starting to plan your lessons with the thought of how the tech alters the lesson? A great example of modification is a google document where students come together to discuss and comment on each others work, where they learn to collaborate to create a new learning outcome.
Redefinition is the last stage of the SAMR model and is the penultimate stage that can define how a student’s experience can be changed by technology. This is the stage where you can design and create new tasks with technology as a focus, changing the students experiences with learning. An example of this stage could be connecting students with other students around the world.
Below is some of the SAMR posters and links to websites that have more information about SAMR model.
Below is a poster that I created to outline the questions that I would recommend asking themselves before using a specific technology.
I updated my poster to make it more visually appealing and to make it easier to read.